Why maintain concrete?

asphalt concrete services
Concrete is a dependable and everlasting pavement that would make any commercial or residential property look presentable and elegant. It is a suitable and timeless solution for your driveway, parking lot, patio, sidewalk, etc. However, while concrete requires only the small amount of maintenance, it does not mean that there should be no maintenance at all. Total absence of care, as well as character of usage and certain weather conditions can cause a lot of damage to the untended concrete. Such issues as discoloration, scaling, crazing, and scaling may appear much faster, and, as a result, waver aesthetics or durability of concrete. Fortunately, today, most of them can be easily solved.  But why do such problems occur and is there a way to prevent a freshly poured concrete driveway from looking like a flaky biscuit? In this article, we are going to give some light on the most common results of poor concrete maintenance.

Problem  #1 – Discoloration

cement discoloration This issue is probably the simplest and the least painful, when it comes to a solution. Usually, discoloration can be caused by many various factors, such as: weather conditions, excessive troweling, curing time etc. If you begin to notice dark or light splotches on the concrete, it’s better to raise alarms right away! One of the proper ways to deal with discoloration would be using a concrete cleaner, which is designed  to give concrete a better look.  But, if the concrete cleaner did not show any results, try a concrete stain. Apart from restoring the color, it will also protect the surface.   If you want to completely eliminate the possibility of concrete discoloration, make sure to strictly follow placing, finishing and curing instructions.    

Problem #2 – Scaling

scaling Scaling usually starts with a small area, but, if left untreated, it spreads further, and the concrete begins to flake or peel away layer by layer. It occurs as a result of poorly done concrete finishing or due to water seepage, exposure to freezing and thawing cycles, lack of curing time, etc. It’s always better to prevent scaling, either by using a proper concrete mix, designed for exterior flatwork or being very cautious during finishing the concrete. For instance, if standing water has not been evaporated fully, never proceed with the finishing.  Furthermore, remember to avoid using de-icing salt and chemicals in the first winter after the concrete was placed. However, if the surface began to scale despite everything, you need to start fixing damaged areas ASAP. You will have to apply a new layer of resurfacing concrete, which requires roughing up the whole covered area to prepare it for the repairing. After applying the new layer, let it cure for the night, and then apply a waterproof finish to protect it from scaling again.

Problem #3 – Cracking

cracking Cracking is the most common problem of the concrete pavement. At first, cracks appear on the surface, but then they slowly make their way to the bottom of the slab. If you allow cracks to proceed further and reach the subgrade, concrete structure will have to be fully replaced. That is why we recommend fixing small cracks before it gets serious. The damaged areas must be cleaned from a loose material and filled with a concrete filler. Applying an additional sealant product afterwards would be a plus, as the sealant will strengthen the repaired area and protect it from water.      

Problem #4 – Crazing

crazing The last, but not the least, most common concrete “disease” in our list, crazing appears as a network of tiny cracks in the concrete surface. It happens due to inaccurate mixing or disregarding of curing procedures. Even if these small cracks do not extend deeper into the surface to impact its durability, they may ruin the general look. If you notice crazing in your concrete, the easiest solution would be to contact a contractor who placed it. While experienced companies care about preventing crazing with their quality installation process, they cannot give the absolute guarantee it won’t happen. Nonetheless, it is possible to cover such type of damage, if there is no way to absolutely eliminate it.    

The Best Way to Fix The Damage

fixing cement damage You can avoid discoloration, scaling, clacking, crazing or any other common concrete problems by following these 3 simple rules:
  1. Use the concrete mix of the highest quality. Yes, it is costly, but it’s also lasting.
  2. Follow proper finishing procedure. Do not rush the process. Everything should be done according to the instructions, if you want your concrete pavement to last.
  3. Develop a maintenance plan and check the state of your concrete.
If one of the abovementioned issues still has occurred with your concrete, don’t let it upset you! Just contact the professionals and let them do their job. At the Concrete Division of Mid-Atlantic Asphalt Inc. we care about delivering the results our customers desire. We specialize in all stages of concrete construction works, including constructing and repairing foundations, pavements, driveways, pavers etc. Apart from building and fixing your concrete, we will cover you with concrete pouring process and other procedures. We are always ready to give you a better understanding of what’s included in the services we provide. We care about your safety and concrete’s quality!

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