Tennis is believed to have originated in northern France in the 12th century.
Nowadays, this game is played around the world by thousands of people.
This sport is considered to be the most popular in Australia, France,
and New Zealand. As you may already know, tennis is played on various
surfaces, including clay, grass, asphalt, concrete and others. The type
of court affects the game style that tennis players should adopt. Some
court types are good for the specific playing styles, while others appear
less effective, and may even cause some troubles. Tennis court owners
should know about the pros and cons of different court surfaces so that
they can reasonably plan budgeting and maintenance. When deciding on the
tennis court, you should find out how different types of surfaces alter
the behavior of the ball and the style of the tennis player. As practice
shows, some courts require a lot more care than others to remain in good
condition — each type of surface provides its own benefits and offers
specific challenges to players. So, let’s go straight to discussing
pros and cons of each variant of court surface.
The first thing that comes to mind when thinking about tennis court with
grass surface is prestigious Wimbledon Championship. The grass is the
fastest type of all courts because of its slippery surface. Grass tennis
courts reward players with both power and speed. Even though grass tennis
courts are appreciated for soft surface and fast pace, these courts often
fall out of favor because they are challenging to build and even harder
to maintain. They must regularly be watered, as well as mowed because
they are susceptible to damage from play.
Grass court main features: fast pace, soft surface, high maintenance.
Red-colored clay courts are usually associated with the French Open Championships.
Clay tennis courts are very popular because of exceptional characteristics
they provide. These courts are the slowest surface in tennis: the clay
slows down the ball and produces a higher bounce as a comparison to other
courts. Another advantage of clay tennis court is that it’s ready
for action straight after a rain — the water is quickly absorbed
through the surface and into the base. While clay courts are relatively
easy to construct and cheap to install, they are costly to maintain. Clay
tennis courts require constant care as well as the regular use of water.
Water keeps the clay court moist, playable and structurally sound.
Clay court main features: slow pace, soft surface, high maintenance.
In the US tennis is usually played on sport courts. Hard court is a court
made out of a concrete or asphalt base that is coated with an acrylic
coating system or other materials. This type of court surface is the most
commonly available as it’s easy to maintain. The hard court is considered
as a suitable surface for all types of tennis players. It provides a good
compromise between the clay and grass court. On the hard court, the ball
travels at speed faster than on a clay court but slower than on grass
court. The bounce of the ball is high and very predictable as the surface
is very flat. sport courts range from fast to slow speeds depending on
the quantity of sand mixed into the paint coating. Another advantage of
hard court is that you can customize its color and speed to suit your
individual preferences. One of the few drawbacks of the sport courts is
that they have tough surface. That is why falling on it can appear very
painful. Moreover, hard fields reflect heat that makes them uncomfortable
in high heat environments.
Hard court main features: medium-fast pace, hard surface, low maintenance.
TENNIS COURT MAINTENANCE
Whether you own a grass, clay, asphalt or concrete tennis court, you should
keep it in the best condition. Keep your tennis court clean from different
debris such as stones, leaves, twigs, and dust. Make sure your court is
free from cracks that might hold water when it rains. Prevent your court
from the beginnings of mold and fungus on the surface as well as from
bubbling and blistering.
Summarising all the above, we can draw the next conclusions. Nowadays,
grass tennis courts are rare to find. Also, they are the most expensive
of all courts. Grass tennis courts are best suited for serve-and-volley
players, not rushers. And when it comes to clay courts, they are the easiest
ones on the body. That is why clay courts are so common among experienced
tennis players. Hard tennis courts have the best bounce. Their surface
dries quickly after rain, and they are very easy to maintain. Choose the
one that suits your needs best and start enjoying the game!