Enacted in 1990, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) served as a
step in the right direction for individuals with disabilities. It helped
all such individuals in their quest to attain equal rights as citizens
of the United States of America, to enjoy the same privileges bestowed
upon every other member of society. The act provides detailed information,
including rules, regulations, and guidelines, for different societal institutions
to abide by in order to help accommodate individuals with disabilities
in public places. This also includes the underlying need for parking lots
to be ADA-compliant in order to provide individuals with disabilities
proper and unhindered access to these public facilities. Thus, it is important
for contractors to follow the guidelines mentioned by the ADA while the
project is in its construction phase. Not doing so or being unaware of
them may result in a lawsuit being filed against the institution for being
non-compliant. In this article, we detail the various components of ADA
requirements that have to be met.
Enterprises need to ensure that their parking lot signage conform to ADA
requirements. The specific regulations and guidelines of ADA signage are
subject to local building authority codes and revisions, which is why
every enterprise needs to check with their local laws. However, there
are a few requirements that are standard. First, the signage baseline
must lie between 48 and 60 inches. If it is a single door, then the signage
needs to be mounted on the side of the latch. If it is a double door,
it needs to be placed on the right door’s right side. Second, overhead
signs, on the other hand, need to be mounted so that its bottom lies 80
inches from the ground. Furthermore, the dimensions for ADA signage need
to have a depth of 0.8mm and a letter height of between 16 and 51 mm.
ADA PARKING SPACES
The guidelines pertaining to ADA parking spaces must include a number
of features. First of all, if the route is close to the parking space,
wheelstops need to be installed to prevent vehicles from going below 36
inches. Secondly, the width for access aisle across all directions needs
to be 60 inches without the installation of ramps.
ADA CONCRETE RAMPS
There are also specific rules concerning concrete ramps. Organizations
need to ensure that they adhere to a 1:12 slope ratio. This implies that
all wheelchair concrete ramps have a width of 36 inches at minimum. However,
in other states, such as California and Massachusetts, the width level
should be 48 inches. Furthermore, concrete ramps should have handrails
that are in the 34-38 inch range on both ramp sides.
REQUIREMENTS FOR ACCESSIBLE SPACES
Under the newly updated regulations of 2010, parking spaces should accommodate
for at least 1 accessible parking space for a maximum of every 25 parking
spaces or lots in a facility. Also, out of every 6 accessible parking
lots, one must be van-accessible. For example, if a parking facility has
600 parking spaces and has 12 accessible spaces, then it must have 2 van-accessible
parking spaces. Furthermore, each accessible space must lead to the shortest
accessible route possible to the building facility or entrance.
RULES FOR ADJOINING LOTS
In the case of adjoining parking spaces or lots in which the obstruction
has a height of more than 0.5 feet, then it is required that the parking
space width is raised by 2 feet on the side of the obstruction. In the
case of curb ramp slopes, the adjoining gutters must lie adjacent to the
accessible route or the curb ramp must have a maximum ratio of 1:20.
ADA ACCESS AISLES
Parking facilities should also be designed to offer an access aisle parallel
to the passenger loading zone with dimensions of 60 x 20, 60 inches in
width and 20 feet in length. Also, the access aisles should be designed
to ensure there are no curb ramps projecting into it and are uniform across
all directions in terms of cross slope and running slope. More importantly,
the access aisles should be positioned at both sides of the access aisle,
except in the case of a van parking area.
LOCATION OF ACCESSIBLE PARKING SPACES & ACCESS AISLES
The location of each access aisle and accessible parking space must lead
to the shortest possible route to the entrance. This accessible route
should not have any stairs or curbs and must have a minimum width of 3
feet. It should also be stable and sturdy enough to allow safe access
to disabled people. More importantly, the slope of the accessible route
should not exceed the 1:12 ratio. Should there be sufficient space, it
is possible to cluster one or more parking spaces together provided that
it is as close to the entrance as possible.
IMPORTANCE OF CHOOSING A CONTRACTOR
A trained contractor will be able to utilize their knowledge of the latest
ADA regulations and ensure each application is being met without any margin
of errors. With regards to your specific project requirements, the contractor
can provide great attention to detail and ensure all areas are covered
with considerable quality standards. In Maryland, Virginia, Washington
D.C., Delaware and Pennsylvania, Mid Atlantic Asphalt is the contractor
with experience in constructing asphalted lots and concrete ramps that
meet the most recent ADA regulations. Furthermore, Mid Atlantic Asphalt
adjusts existing parking lots and concrete ramps to meet these regulations.
If you need an estimate from an experienced contractor, we'll be glad
to assist you with making your parking lot convenient for all visitors.